Website development refers to the process of building a website. All the coding goes, including front-end and back-end tasks that help create a single page simple site to a complex e-commerce site.
The website you’re reading this guide, the application you use, and the search engine, everything is a part of web development. Web development doesn’t stop at making a website; it goes beyond that.
And if you want to be a website developer or dive deep into Website Development, this beginner’s guide will surely help you out. It will build a strong foundational knowledge regarding web development.
This is what we are covering in this guide:
Importance of Website Development.
Basics of Web Development and the skills required.
The different types of Web Development.
Web Development Process.
Resources to learn Web Development.
This guide is not a complete manual on Website Development as the topic is too vast to cover in this guide. You will learn in-depth when you start implementing your skills and knowledge on a real project.
Also, learning resources are provided on this guide using which you can learn web development.
So, without making you wait further, let’s dive into the world of Web Development.
Importance of Website Development
In today’s technology-driven world, where businesses are going digital and individuals seek information from the internet, website development plays an important role.
Whether you are a business owner, a marketer, or someone pursuing a career in development, understanding Web Development will help you walk along with today’s digital world.
Website development is essential because it makes people aware of many things, whether it’s a product, news, information, etc. Website development makes it possible to educate, entertain, and connect people.
Businesses need websites, and it’s made with the help of developers. Reports say web developers’ employment is going to increase more than 13% in the coming years.
With more than half the world’s population using the internet, the web development industry is expanding.
As businesses are going digital, they need websites. And because of this, the demand for web developers is increasing.
People seek knowledge and information; it’s provided with the help of a website. Businesses want to sell their products/services; they do this with the use of websites.
Now, you know the importance of web development, let’s move towards the basics and the skills required.
Basics of Web Development and the skills required.
To learn about website development properly, you must understand the basic concepts included in it.
Below are things that cover the foundational concepts of web development.
After going through the concepts, you will also learn the skills required to develop or become a web developer.
The IP (Internet Protocol) Address.
What is HTTP.
If you do research or use the internet for information purpose, where do you view that? On a website.
Currently, where you’re reading this guide is via the website. Let’s know in more depth,
Websites are like files; they’re stored on servers. Computers then host these servers. Also, the servers are connected to the world wide web.
To view the website, you use the application called Browsers like Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.
The IP (Internet Protocol) Address
According to Wikipedia, IP address is a numerical label assigned to every device connected to a network using the internet. IP addresses have two functions, to identify network interface and location.
Your computer has an IP address. It gets that when you access the internet. The IP address differentiates every website and device connected to the internet.
Yes, websites, too, have IP addresses, using which you can access them. But you don’t necessarily have to know the address. You can access the website using their domain.
What is HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
You will see on the browser’s address something like- https:// or http://, it is called Hypertext Transfer Protocol.
It connects the website with you when a request is sent to the servers to show the site’s data. HTTP consists of a set of protocols that determines how the website’s content should be displayed.
HTTP also provides a communication framework between your computer and the server. So that whatever you request on the internet is shown to you. Communication helps in surfing from one website to another.
Coding is a language that is understood by devices, programs, and search engines. Every application, software, website is made of codes.
Coding includes commands, punctuations, rules, and abbreviations that help in an application or a website. The overall structure of the website is made up of codes.
In humans, the skeletal system helps in the body; on a website, coding is the skeletal system.
HTML (Hypertext Mark-up Language)
This the primary programming language for web development. The structure of the site that consists of words, titles, paragraphs are made up of HTML.
HTML consists of tags. These tags represent a different function of the website. We can read the content on a website because of the HTML tags.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
The presentation, style, colour, and format, all the visual aspects of a website are done using CSS or Cascading Style Sheets.
CSS describes how the HTML elements will appear on the website. It includes a set of rules that helps in defining the presentation of a site.
It also helps in adapting the webpage to view on different types of devices.
Like, click on a button that scrolls you down or up or clicking a photo to enlarge.
Front-end and Back-end
When you go further into Website development, it is divided into two parts- Front-end and Back-end.
What we see on the website is the work of the front-end, and the data that is received from the servers to show the site’s content is the work of the back-end.
The front side of the website, from visuals to functions, is the front-end part. The site’s database and a remote server, which we don’t see, is the back-end part.
A website collects information to store in its server and database and shows what the viewer seeks to know. The front-end communicates to the back-end to provide the information.