What are the Best Treatments for Stroke?
When a blood vessel inside the brain cracks and bleeds or when there is a blockage of blood supply to the brain, it leads to a stroke. Due to the rupture or blockage, oxygen and blood can’t reach the brain’s tissues, and within minutes, the person loses consciousness, and brain cells begin to die. Even though it is a life-threatening disease, yet careful vigilance can prevent one from any major risk.
This article entirely focuses on how one should respond to the signs and symptoms of stroke and what necessary aids one can adopt when hit by a stroke. But before talking about the preventive and stroke treatment procedures, it is vital to know the symptoms of a stroke. Therefore, let us understand a few common stroke symptoms-
- Weakness or numbness in the face, leg, and arms, particularly on one side of the body, is a stroke sign.
- Unclear speech
- Blurry vision or double vision or sudden blackness before the eyes
- Trouble in walking
- Sudden headache without any particular cause
- Vomiting, nausea, hallucination, seizures
- Confusion and unresponsiveness
If a person comes across any of these symptoms, there are chances of stroke; hence immediate medical assistance should be sought. Any delay can be harmful to the person, which may cost a person’s life as well. As we have a fair idea about the symptoms, let’s now see the treatment methods one can adopt for strokes.
Treatment for Stroke
As soon as a person reaches the hospital, the doctor will first conduct a few blood tests and then will carry on with MRI and CT scan. The MRI helps to detect if any brain cells or tissues are damaged, or the CT scan gives a clear picture of any bleeding or damage inside the brain.
The doctor might also proceed with another test called an electrocardiogram (EKG). This test further helps record the heart’s activity, such as the heart’s rhythm, how fast it is beating, etc. Other than that, EKG also helps to determine if any heart condition has led to the stroke.
After completion of the necessary tests, the doctor will proceed with the main treatments. Stroke treatments differ according to the type of stroke. if a blood clot or blockage causes the stroke, then the doctors will adopt measures like-
Antiplatelet and Anticoagulants– These drugs are given within 24 to 48 hours after the stroke symptoms.
Clot Breaking Drugs– It helps to stop the stroke and reduce brain damage
Mechanical Thrombectomy- It is a surgical procedure that must be performed within 6 to 12 hours after the stroke begins.
Surgery– When all other treatment options fail, the doctor adopts the surgical method to remove the arteries’ blood clots and plaques.
These are the best treatment procedures to defeat the stroke. The best way to deal with a stroke is by being careful and attentive towards the symptoms. It is imperative that any person will notice some familiar signs before getting attacked by the illness; hence, proper knowledge and understanding of the symptoms is necessary to seek medical help.